Bandhini or Bandhej is an art of tie and dye practiced mainly in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat, India. Bandhini or Bandhej gets its name from the root word, 'baandh' meaning 'knot'. A plain piece of cloth, usually in cotton, muslin or silk, is tied with threads and dyed with various colors.
The process of creating a Bandhini fabric starts from dipping of cloth into a colour after which the cloth is folded to a quarter of its size. The fabric is first bleached, then folded and motifs are imprinted on it with a reddish dye called 'geru'. Then small knots are tied by hand to make up the motifs. The smaller the knots and the gaps between them, the more premium the finished product.
The colouring method involves the lightest shade being worked in first order, after which this is tied and a darker colour is introduced. An unlimited number of colour schemes are used. The designs are created with the combination of small dots and circles. Quality of bandhini can be judged by the size of the dots; the smaller the dots, finer is the quality. Red, maroon, yellow, golden and black are the common shades.
Bandhini or Bandhej is thus a skilled work of ornamenting the cloth with combination of colours. And what better way of flaunting this traditional art and colour than in a saree. Some of the most revered bandhini sarees
come as region-specific like Rajkot Bandhini, Jaipur Bandhini, Jodhpur Bandhini etc.
Rajkot in Gujarat is one of the major Bandhini or Bandhej centres of India. Rajkot Bandhini Sarees
are famous all over the world for their rich color hues and attractive shades. The Rajkot Bandhini sarees are known to captivate the imagination of one and all with their multi colored range and motifs. These sarees, with or without embellishments, are desired also for their delicate motifs that are figure flattering for all body types and brighten all complexions.
Rajasthani Bandhej Sarees
are the perfect epitome of the love of Indian women for traditional motifed sarees. Rajkot Bandhej Sarees
Jodhpuri Bandhini and Jaipuri Bandhini symbolize a special process of tie-and dye creating the very popular LEHERIA pattern. Its name is derived from `leher' meaning waves and depicts a stylized wave pattern on bandhej. Jodhpur Bandhini sarees
, turbans and dupattas with `leheria' pattern are adored for festive occasions like Teej and Diwali. Jaipur Bandhini sarees
on the other hand boast of the most intricate patterns emerging in discharge with vibrant backgrounds and therefore is a style statement with experimental fabrics and trendy styles.
Bandhini or Bandhej is thus one fabric art, loved and desired by women from all over the world. And a bandhini sari is definitely one possession, no women can say no to!!!